Lavon, Pinhas

(formerly Lubianiker)
(1904-76)
   The key figure in the "affair" that clouded Israel's political life for almost a decade from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s and resulted in the downfall of a government and the splitting-up of the country's ruling Mapai Party. Born on 12 July 1904 in Kopychynsti in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, he studied law at the University of Lviv, where he organized Histadrut organizations in the region. He immigrated (see ALIYA) to Palestine in 1929 at the age of 25, became active in the Mapai Party, and served as its secretary from 1935 to 1937. After Israel's independence, he was elected to the first Knesset and was appointed minister of agriculture in David Ben-Gurion's second government. He retained his seat in the 1951 election of the second Knesset and in 1952 was appointed minister without portfolio. Following Ben-Gurion's resignation, he was appointed minister of defense in 1954. However, following the Lavon Affair, in which he was accused of involvement in terrorist bombings in Egypt, he resigned from the cabinet. Nevertheless, he remained a member of the Knesset following the elections of the third Knesset (1955) and the fourth Knesset (1959) and was later absolved of any involvement in the Egyptian bombings. He retired from public life in 1964 after a long-standing discord with Ben-Gurion. He died in Tel Aviv on 24 January 1976.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Lavon, Pinhas — ▪ Israeli politician born  Pinhas Lubianiker , Pinhas also spelled  Pinchas  born July 12, 1904, Kopyczynce, Eastern Galicia, Austria Hungary [now Kopychintsy, Ukraine] died January 24, 1976, Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel       Israeli politician who… …   Universalium

  • Lavon, Pinhas — (1904 76)    Israeli labour leader. He was born in eastern Galicia, and was one of the organizers of Gordonia in Galicia and Poland. In 1929 he settled in Palestine, where he was secretary of Mapai in 1938 9, and later general secretary of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Pinhas Lavon — Pinchas Lawon Pinchas Lawon (hebräisch ‏פנחס לבון‎, oft auch nach englischer Schreibweise Pinhas Lavon; geb. Pinhas Lubianiker; * 12. Juli 1904 in Kopytschintsi, Galizien (heute Ukraine); † 24. Januar 1976 in Tel Aviv, Israel) war ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinhas Lavon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lavon. Pinhas Lavon Pinhas Lavon, né en Galicie le 12 juillet 1904 et mort à Tel Aviv le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LAVON (Lubianiker), PINḤAS — (1904–1976), Israeli labor leader and politician, member of the First to Fourth Knessets. Born in Kopychintsy in East Galicia, Lavon completed his law studies at Lvov University. At first he was active in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pinhas Rosen — Mandats Parlementaire à la Knesset Législature 1e, mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lavon — may mean:*Lavon, Texas, a suburb of Dallas in Collin County, Texas *Lake Lavon, an artificial lake in Collin County, Texas *Pinhas Lavon, Defense Minister of Israel from 1954 to 1955 *Lavon Affair, an Israeli political scandal named for Pinhas… …   Wikipedia

  • Lavon Affair —    Pinhas Lavon was Israel s defense minister in 1954, when Israeli agents were arrested in Egypt, apparently for trying to bomb U. S. facilities in Cairo and Alexandria and other targets in an effort to turn Great Britain and the United States… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • LAVON AFFAIR, THE — The Lavon Affair began with a security mishap, which was at first referred to as the esek bish ( the bad business ). At the beginning of July 1954, an Israel initiated intelligence operation in egypt , involving a plan to plant bombs in several… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pinhas Lavon — MKs Date of birth = 12 July 1904 Place of birth = Kopychyntsi, Austria Hungary Year of Aliyah = 1929 Date of death = 24 January 1976 Place of death = Tel Aviv, Israel Knesset(s) = 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Party = Mapai Former parties = Gov t roles =… …   Wikipedia

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